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Founded in 2008, the NGO InMaLanka acts in priority with the poorest population of South India, Sri Lanka and Madagascar. Its actions focuses on supporting education, nutrition and local development.

We invite you to follow all the news of the NGO on its blog! You will find here the missions in the field as well as the news of the NGO in Paris, France.


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14 mai 2011 6 14 /05 /mai /2011 14:12

Food insecurity in African countries is a well known issue. The main causes of vulnerability lie in the continuity of climate disruption, high rates of poverty, lack of infrastructure and appropriate policies, not to mention wars and political crises.

 

Although Madagascar has no real war, but it undeniably suffered from serious problems like all other African countries. The political crisis, that Madagascar endures since two years now, particularly obscures other issues and diverts the attention of the International Community. This year was particularly difficult for the Malagasy population. The drought combined with cyclones have severely affected not less than 53 municipalities. These have subsequently suffered from severe food shortages. The risk remains high whereas neither hurricane seasonnor hunger gap are finished yet.Thesituationis particularlycritical inthesouthern partof the countrywheredroughtandlanddesertificationareendemic problems.

 

The population, unable to find a solution to climatic and economic vagaries or even eat properly, often ingest plants considered as toxic as the "Raketa", the fruit of a cactus, which can cause serious digestive problems. Population even comes to eat seeds thus making their future even more uncertain. This is the situation in different parts of the island where the uncertainty of survival is the daily bread of the Malagasy people. The political crisis do not benefit to the population. The coup d’état in March 2009 of the current self-proclaimed president of the HTA (high transitional authority), Andry Rajoelina,caused the immediate suspension of all development assistance.

 

The current situationconfined in many case during in between crops and hurricanes periodsis a seriousproblem andcouldbe transformed soonintoastructuralfood problem. Over 70% of Malagasy live below the poverty line. The highest rate of poverty lies in the south where most people depend on subsistence farming.

 

Soaring food prices certainly does not help and price control policies have not produced the results promised by politicians. The country is isolated. It suffered from an embarrassing silence and unloading of responsibility difficult to accept. Madagascar is completely frezzed politically and economically. The social situation is tense while the environmental situation is alarming.

 

Not acting today will have serious consequences for the future.

 

InMaLanka urges the International Communitytorealizethe politicalinstabilitythat has already lasted sincetwo years. TheWorldBank reportpublishedon March 14th2011, clearly showsthatthehumanitarian emergency help is notmanagedefficiently. Thus, thepoverty ratehas increased by9% compared to2005despitethe$ 260 millionreleasedin 2010. The resolution of thiscrisisdeservesanothertype ofpolicyof developmentandnotby closingthefundingtapsthat causeisolationanddestructionofthe social network. Corruptionis plaguing theMalagasy administrationand is clearly involved in this disaster and is reinforced by this political transition.Thus, the resultof the corruptionperceptionindex(CPI) in 2010, presentedby TransparencyInternational,isof 2.6which is a decreasecomparedto 2008(3.4).

 

 

Mostof public areas are affected by this blight. According to Faly Rabetrano, Director of independent anti-corruption organisation, "the decentralized authority or municipality, the justice, the police and the public services, are the tops five of the most corrupt State agencies"1. But time is taking its course on the island and the Malagasy people suffers every day from the greedy control of power.

But, for how long?

 

Fabrizio De Angeli

 

 

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1 avril 2011 5 01 /04 /avril /2011 23:15

InMaLanka is setting up a partnership with a Malagasy NGO. The organisation offers a logistical support thanks to the provision of necessy tools in order to settle a cooperation to development plan. Based on the reintroduction of a local agriculture, this program aims at a complete tranfer of competences in order to give to the beneficiaries a total autonomy.

The Malagasy countrysides are often deserted by the masculine labour and need to be rebuild in order to prevent the big companies to monopolize the lands. The rural depopulation in developing nations is a real blight which deeply endanger the development of local agriculture. The local economy irremediably suffers from this problem. Thus, thanks to this cooperation plan, beneficiaries will participate to the development of their economy and won’t be dependant anymore of the international help which is already extremely limited in Madagascar.

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13 novembre 2010 6 13 /11 /novembre /2010 21:05

InMaLanka could visit the Akany Avoko NGO’s center, located in the North-West of Antananarivo. After several visits in the center, InMaLanka was given the opportunity to follow for one day the NGO’s welfare officer while she was visiting families whose children benefit from the project. This working day was important for InMaLanka because it allowed us to confront the diverse local realities.

InMaLanka could also attend some activities carried out by another local NGO, “Graines de Bitumes”. In one of the two centers owned by this NGO and located at Ampasanisadoda, different activities linked with school support are carried out to provide help for vulnerable children. “Graine de Bitumes” consistently works with and for young kids and teenagers who are obliged to beg or to accept temporary jobs for earning their living, despite an unsecured context in the streets of Antananarivo. 240 people aged from 5 to 22 years old, benefit from the project (110 under “Graines1” and 130 under “Graines2”). During a whole morning, InMaLanka participated to the NGO’s activities by notably attending a lesson for school stiffening. This very enriching moment allowed us to be in contact with the children and their reality.


During the lastdays, InMaLanka visited Dieudonné ‘s center, which is located in Mandroseza village, South-Est of Antananarivo. Created about 10 years ago, this center is worth being taken into consideration because of the relevance of its actions that really fit the local context. It is not an NGO but a company created by Dieudonné. After several years of efforts and work with thecommunity, the company succeeded in creating a center where iron is salvaged and worked on by local men and women trained by the center. The initiative was completed without any foreign backer support and is therefore totally autonomous. A part of the project is linked with education since the worker’s children attend the school’s center lessons, near their parents. There is also a vegetable garden where local products are cultivated. Afterwards, these products are sold on the local market but also in Europe.

 

InMaLanka takes advantage of this article to thank all organisations named above for their availability and the opportunitydeepen the knowledge on their projects.

 

Fabrizio De Angeli, traduction Yoann Cancan

 

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9 octobre 2010 6 09 /10 /octobre /2010 21:12

I have been in Madagascar for ten days now and is the time for a first feedback from the field. At the present, I am inquiring about Antananarivo (Tana) this very big city where there are so many contradictions, notably this incompatible trilogy between road traffic, car model and unbreathable air. Antananarivo is the back of a sleepy and dreamy dragon with twelve vertebrae: the hills of Tana. As every single myth figure, it does not let you without surprises. Every day, the situations are unexpected and different. The daily scenesare noisy markets, smiling people.

 

Sometimes, even those living there can not recognize it. The general situation (at least my vision after about ten days here) is rather complex and subtle. I could speak for hours about the help freeze by the international backers as well as the level of participation of the people to the country life that is the level of democracy. This word, so short and with so many applications, looses its very sense in this context, since most of the inhabitants are still analphabets. I shall also speak about the economic origins of the consequences which have visible effects on the civil society: unemployment for example, with all the things that accompany it, positive (redeployment as a peddler) as well as negative (immoral, sometimes illegal, actions like rose wooddealing, flour smuggling…). I shall tell the story of every Malagasy family, the tenacity of every single woman living in the street with her children, sometimes under one year old, near the urban traffic. I could also speak about the neglected children, the exploited one, the orphans and the religiously excluded children. I could speak about the women who earn their living not only for themselves but also for their four to five members family, and also of their sons, for whom begging is a mission; a (small) participation to face the family expenses, or also a financial contribution for the “famadihana” (a costly funeral ceremony).

And all those people may carry out these activities only as life evidence.

I could speak about all this and more, but still is the extent of the different issues (that I would not be able to describe entirely in this article).

What is the population awareness about children and mother in difficult situation in the institutions? And what does the society do? It seems that a part of the Antananarivo inhabitants is indifferent to the problems of the street children, or “Quat’mis”. Their answer is rejection, contempt or simple tolerance sometimes.

I want to tell you an anecdote (of course, I would not draw a generalization out of it but I think it is quite representative of the vision of some people about street children): I was sat on a bus, going to the center of the city. At a bus stop, a girl got on the bus and asked the passengers for money. My neighbor then imitated a gun with his dirty hands and aimed at her. The girl went out, as swept by his fickleness. With a look of satisfaction on his face, my neighbor turned to me and said something in Malagasy. I looked at him and asked him why he acted this way. He did not understand, maybe… I repeated my question and his face became gloomy. He looked down in shame, unsatisfied not to have found a partner for validating his disgraceful attitude.

Children (boys as well as girls) are employed for several works, from cart traction to mobile selling of newspaper or cigarettes. This is even considered as a way to learn the“real life”. Therefore, there are parents to criticize the education system since they find it too theoretical and think it will not give to their children the keys for succeeding in life. Children learn fast and they are less likely to oppose exploitation.

I am still analyzing certain aspects (since I have to consider the overall situation) but I feel as if a proportion of the population (only) makes proposals that can not be implemented since they are not directly concerned by the problem. In their view, only people working in this field, “experts” and NGO members should deal with that issue.

There is a broad network of NGO with diverse origins (public, catholic, local, foreign NGO). They work with and for the helpless and destitute people, as the street children and mothers. I am currently discovering their reality and trying to discern their approach, working methodology and philosophy.

 

Fabrizio De Angeli

 

Madagascar 4115-2web


Traduction: Yoann Cancan

Pictures: Fabrizio De Angeli

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7 septembre 2010 2 07 /09 /septembre /2010 18:44

Dear all,

 

I will finally leave for Madagascar in a few weeks. 

My 3-months mission will start September 19th up to the end of December 2010.

I will carry out a field investigation in order to build a project to address children and young people in vulnerable situations. 

In the last few months I’ve collected background data on the country economical, political  and social realities.

 

In this current month I will forward you an update from the field.

Best regards,

     

Fabrizio

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